I had a great day out yesterday – some friends and I climbed to the top of Snowdon in glorious sunshine. When Columbus spoke of this paradise he said, it is the fairest land eyes have beheld; mountains and land seem to touch the sky”. Once upon a time there was a Glass Mountain at the top of which stood a castle made of pure gold, and in front of the castle there grew an apple-tree on which there were golden apples.

The Shiwalik Range- This range is a sub Himalaya mountain. I’ve got mountains of work to do. A crack in the earth, called a volcanic vent, is the start of a volcanic mountain. Mountains capture water from the atmosphere and store it as snow and ice that supplies streams and rivers throughout the year.

Only three centuries ago, setting out to climb a mountain would have been considered close to lunacy. Fold mountains occur when two plates collide: shortening occurs along thrust faults and the crust is overthickened. Even as you keep an eye on the weather forecasts around the time of the climb, ensure that you get regular health checks before you set out to climb to minimize the risks of not making it to the summit as you expect.

This view across the Snowy Mountains shows typically undulating tablelands. When magma pushes the crust up but hardens before erupting onto the surface, it forms so-called dome mountains Wind and rain pummel the domes, sculpting peaks and valleys. This mountain range covers a total area of 108, 229 sq km of Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram and Tripura.

There are such extreme dangers in mountain climbing. But mountains can also form in other ways. When the mountains are rough and jagged looking, the people living nearby can have many hardships. As mentioned earlier, to climb mountains like Elbrus you need a few key ingredients.